CANADA: A brief look at the nature of the Federation, the Administration of Justice and the Judicial System
Robinson Sheppard Shapiro LLP, Montreal
by Charles E. Flam
Canada, a Federal Constitutional Monarchy
Canada is a federal state comprised of ten provinces and three largely self-governing territories, but is also a constitutional monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II is Queen of Canada and Canada’s Head of State. The Governor General, appointed upon the advice of Canada’s Prime Minister, is the representative of the Queen in Canada and also is the nation’s commander-in-chief. ALieutenant-Governor, also appointed upon the advice of Canada’s Prime Minister, represents the Queen in each province.