On May 3, 2016, the Decree Law 3 May 2016, no. 59, containing “Urgent provisions on enforcement and bankruptcy proceedings in favor of investors in banks in liquidation”, entered into force and introduced a new form of credit guarantee, the so-called non-possessory pledge.
This Decree was converted into Law no. 119 of 30 June 2016 and published in the Official Gazette no. 153 on July 2, 2016.
Article 1 of Decree Law no. 59/2016 stipulates that “Entrepreneurs registered in the Business Register may place a non-possessory pledge in order to guarantee the credits granted to them or to thirds, whether current or future, determined or determinable and with a forecasted maximum guaranteed amount, relating to the business activity of the enterprise”.
This new form of security is aimed at combining the need for corporate finance – the debtor that can offer this form of guarantee must be an entrepreneur registered in the Business Register – with the interest of the creditors for the realization of their right and for the certainty of the timeframe of credit satisfaction.
The pledge is granted through written deed and is published in a dedicated register (the “Register of Non-possessory Pledges”) held in computerized systems of the Revenue Agency. From the date of registration, the pledge becomes effective and enforceable against third parties, both in enforcement and bankruptcy proceedings.