North America

Massachusetts Legislators Refile Modified Non-Compete Legislation

Last year, I reported on the status of a new non-compete bill that, for the first time in Massachusetts, attempted to codify its non-competition law. After summarizing the details of the bill in April, I reported in October that the bill had died in Committee. However, as stated at that time, Senator Brownsberger, one of its sponsors, promised to present a new bill on the same subject in a future session. Well, the future is now.

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Delayed Request for Preliminary Injunction to Enforce Non-Compete Agreement Denied in Alabama

In a January 21, 2011 opinion and order, a federal district court in Alabama denied a request for a preliminary injunction from clothing manufacturers Fruit of the Loom, Inc. and Russell Brands, LLC, seeking to prohibit a former employee from continuing to work for a competitor. (Fruit of the Loom, Inc. and Russell Brands, LLC v. Lonnie C. Bishop, Middle District of Alabama 2:2010cv01058). Plaintiffs requested the injunction pending their lawsuit to enforce a Kentucky non-compete agreement against the former employee. Although Kentucky courts generally enforce non-compete agreements where the restraint is no greater than reasonably necessary, this case demonstrates the practical difficulties of enforcement. Even in cases where an employer is successful in an action to enforce a non-compete agreement, the benefit of the agreement can be substantially eroded where a former employee is not immediately prohibited from working for the employer’s competitor.

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Proposed Illinois Covenants Not To Compete Act Introduced Again In the Illinois House of Representatives

Co-authored by Christie O. Tate.

As we reported in this blog on March 1, 2010, last year the proposed “Illinois Covenants Not To Compete Act” was introduced in the Illinois House of Representatives. If passed, it would have substantially altered the law regarding non-competition agreements in Illinois. We have been monitoring the progress of the bill, which was re-introduced on January 12, 2011 as House Bill 0016 in exactly the same form as last year. As before, the bill has not attracted significant public attention or commentary, but we will continue to monitor it. For a detailed analysis of the proposed law, please see our original post on March 1, 2010.

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Immigration Alert: January 2011

USCIS Issues Revised Form, I-129 Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker, that Includes Questions Relating to Export Controls and “Deemed Exports”

USCIS Issues New M-274 Handbook for Form I-9 Compliance

ICE Touts 2010 Worksite Enforcement Efforts

DHS Issues Regulatory Agenda that Includes Plans for New Form I-9 Rules

ICE Announces Opening of Employment Compliance Inspection Center

Supreme Court Hears Oral Arguments in Whiting

DOS and CBP Implement Tougher Blanket L-1B Visa Application and Travel Requirements for L-1 Employees

CBP Expands Global Entry Pilot to Mexican Nationals

January 14, 2011 H-1B Cap Count

DOS Issues February 2011 Visa Bulletin

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Special Immigration Alert: H-1B Cap Reached for Fiscal Year 2011

On January 27, 2011, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”) announced that it had received a sufficient number of new H-1B petitions to reach the statutory cap for fiscal year 2011 (October 1, 2010, through September 30, 2011), and that January 26, 2011, was the final receipt date for new H-1B petitions requesting an employment start date in fiscal year 2011. USCIS also indicated that the final receipt date would be the date on which it physically received the petition, not the date on which the petition was postmarked. The USCIS notice stated that the agency will reject any cap-subject H-1B petitions that arrive after January 26, 2011.

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Ontario Teachers Get A Lesson In Trademarks

The Federal Court of Canada has upheld a decision of the Registrar of Trademarks to refuse registration of the mark TEACHERS’ in association with services described as “administration of a pension plan, management and investment of a pension for teachers in Ontario”.  The application to register this mark was filed by the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan Board.

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New York Appellate Court Refuses to Recognize Oral Extension of Two-Year Non-Compete Clause

A December 30, 2010 decision of New York’s Appellate Division, Fourth Department, in James V. Aquavella, M.D., P.C. v. Viola, should be noted by legal practitioners dealing with issues of enforceability of non-competition agreements.

The plaintiffs — an ophthalmologist named James V. Aquavella, M.D. and his professional corporation — sued Ralph S. Viola, M.D., an employee who in 2002 resigned and opened a competing practice within 300 yards of the plaintiffs’ practice. Plaintiffs claimed breach of a non-compete provision that, they argued, barred Viola from competing with plaintiffs for two years.

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The National Labor Relations Board Signals Expanded Union Access to Physical Premises and Electronic Communications

In 2011, more is likely to be seen of organized labor, even as the number of employees belonging to unions in the private sector workforce hovers at approximately 7.1 million, or 6.9 percent. The impact of organized labor in the economy, the media, and political discussion may not fully take account of the fact that the percentage of union membership in the private sector during 2010 compares unfavorably to that in the public sector (7.6 million workers comprising 36.2 percent). Moreover, independent contractors (estimated by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in 2005 at 10.3 million, or 7.4 percent of thetotal U.S. workforce) outnumber the private sector unionized workforce.

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Enforcement Themes for 2011 – A Deputized Workforce and Energized Agencies to Step Up and Refer Out

The 2011 landscape is a product of ground laid before the start of the year. The landmark financial reform legislation and U.S. Department of Labor (“DOL”) initiatives indicate a sampling of new considerations and challenges for employers.

While certain employee-protective legislation was not passed in significant respects, one “sound” from 2010 that is likely to resonate throughout the business community in 2011 relates to bounty awards and protections against retaliation for whistleblowing. The bounty awards introduced in the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank”) in July 2010 received substantial, deserved attention. Dodd-Frank brings expanded employee protections against retaliation and the prospect of sharing 10 percent to 30 percent of certain sanctions imposed by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”). For details, see The Sounds of New Whistleblower Awards and Protections under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (originally published byBloomberg Finance L.P.).

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Dodd-Frank Brings Diversity into Sharper Focus for Organizations Contracting with Federal Financial Agencies

Organizations contracting with federal financial agencies, and their contractors, will encounter new scrutiny of their diversity programs and accomplishments during 2011. A feature of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act requires each agency to adopt procedures prescribing that a contractor shall ensure, to the maximum extent possible, the fair inclusion of women and minorities in the workforce of the contractor and, as applicable, subcontractors.

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