On April 18, 2020, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree1 “On temporary measures to regulate the legal status of foreign citizens and stateless persons in the Russian Federation in connection with the threat of the further spread of a new coronavirus infection (COVID-19)” (“Decree”). The measures provided for by the Decree are limited in their duration – from March 15 to June 15, 2020, inclusive. Below we will consider the main measures established by the Decree with respect to foreign citizens who came to Russia both on a visa-free and visa basis, as well as stateless persons (hereinafter jointly referred to as “foreign citizens” as well):
Strategic Banking Corporation of Ireland (SBCI)’s COVID-19 Working Capital Scheme
Many businesses are faced with difficult decisions arising from the COVID-19 crisis, and are undertaking an analysis of their business and devising a plan for how they will get through the challenging weeks and months ahead. Consideration should be given to the range of options which have opened up in recent weeks in order to guide their businesses and employees and out of this unprecedented pandemic. One such option which has been made available for Irish Small and Medium Enterprises (“SME”) is the SBCI COVID-19 Working Capital Scheme, the details of which are set out below.
At the beginning of the month Russian regulators implemented a draft law, which provides for the possibility of the Government of the Russian Federation by its act to introduce a moratorium on initiation of bankruptcy proceedings under natural and man-made emergencies, significant changes in the ruble exchange rate and similar exceptional circumstances (for more details see the update). The moratorium on bankruptcy has been in force in Russia since April 4, but now the Law on Bankruptcy is being corrected again. The need for amendments is due to the rushed adoption of the Law, as well as the reaction to criticism from the professional community The law providing for the amendment was signed by the President of the Russian Federation and comes into force on April 24. In particular, the new law establishes the following changes to the regime of the moratorium on bankruptcy.
Today, on 23 April 2020, the Cabinet of Ministers amended the criteria for granting idle time benefits. The most essential amendments:
- the reduction in turnover for any undertaking affected by the crisis shall be calculated by comparing the turnover in March or April 2020 with the average income from economic activity for the months worked in 2019;
- self-employed persons who perform pedagogical or creative work on a part-time basis and whose monthly income does not exceed the minimum wage are eligible for idle time benefit;
- idle time benefit shall not be granted to members of management board if during the preceding year and at the time of assessment of the application the member of the management board has been punished for violations in the areas of tax and customs or for the breach of the regulatory enactments governing labour legal relationship, unless a warning or a fine not exceeding EUR 151 has been imposed for a single violation, and the total amount of penalties per year does not exceed EUR 500.
Twenty ILN member firms collaborated to answer the question, “Are employees entitled to paid leave due to Covid-19?” The following document addresses in summary form this issue in a number of jurisdictions.
Nowadays the sphere of healthcare is becoming one of the mostly discussed because of a mass spread of the coronavirus pandemic (also COVID-19). Confirmed cases of COVID-19 around the world have passed more than a 2.4 million. As the disease is continuing to surge the World Health Organization is warning that there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19 as for today. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments and developing drugs conducted by different laboratories in developed countries.
“Restore Liquidity” Decree: the entry into force of the New Code of business crisis and insolvency is postponed
The Government’s decision is motivated by the fact that, giving birth to an instrument never tested before and studied to face, originally, only “ordinary” crises, could be, in this period of emergency, inappropriate.
The Ministry of Labour of the Russian Federation made an explanation for remote work on the period since March 30th till April 30th
The period from March 30th till April 30th were declared as non-working days with preservation of salary payments under President’s decrees No. 206 of 25 March 2020 “On declaration of non-working days in the Russian Federation” and No. 239 of 2 April 2020 “On measures for people’s sanitary-epidemiological welfare in condition of new coronavirus infection (COVID-19) spread”. Since primary intention of decrees is to reduce personal contacts during communication of disease, employers subsequently raised up questions about remote work and compensations during this period.
The supervening impossibility of the performance and the force majeure at the time of Covid-19 in the Italian legal system
The question arises with particular regard to leasing relationships, whether commercial or for residential use, but is to be considered interpretatively and abstractly extended to any type of contract.
Of course, the problem arises in cases where the parties have not explicitly intended to regulate in the contract the occurrence of an interrupting or suspensive event regarding the obligations undertaken, and therefore in cases where no instances of supervening impossibility and/or force majeure have been typified, which may render the breach or delay in the fulfillment of one or both parties legitimate.