Europe

Force majeure i offentlige anskaffelser?

Hvilke regler gjelder for force majeure i offentlige kontrakter? I denne artikkelen gir vi en oversikt over når du som leverandør til offentlig sektor kan påberope deg force majeure pga koronautbruddet, samt forhold du nå bør være ekstra oppmerksom på ved inngivelse av tilbud til offentlig sektor.

Problemstilling

Det pågående koronautbruddet og tiltak fra offentlige myndigheter kan ha store konsekvenser for løpende kontrakter, for eksempel gjennom begrensninger i vareflyt, valutasvingninger, råvareknapphet og produksjonsstanser. Det offentliges innkjøp reguleres av anskaffelsesreglene, som i noen grad kan oppfattes som lite fleksible i situasjoner som den vi nå står overfor. Det er likevel rom for tilpasninger, men dette vil stille seg litt ulikt etter hvilken fase av anskaffelsesprosessen en er i. Read more…

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Covid-19 | Legal solutions in Latvia

Due to potential risks, on 13 March 2020 the Parliament approved decision of the Cabinet and an emergency situation was declared in Latvia until 14 April 2020 in connection with the rapid spread of coronavirus disease (COVID–19) in Europe and also in Latvia. Read more…

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Koronavirus – työvoiman lomauttaminen työnantajan näkökulmasta

Koronavirus aiheuttaa tällä hetkellä erilaisia häiriöitä elinkeinoelämään. Pandemia voi useilla aloilla johtaa kysynnän hiljenemiseen, häiriöihin tuotantoketjussa tai muihin vastaaviin vaikeuksiin, jotka supistavat yritysten liikevaihtoa tai jopa keskeyttävät toiminnan kokonaan. Työnantajilla saattaa tällaisessa tilanteessa syntyä tarve työvoiman lomauttamiselle. Esitän tässä kirjoituksessa lyhyesti ja yleisluonteisesti muutamia erilaisia keinoja, joihin työnantajat voivat turvautua tällaisessa tilanteessa. Kirjoituksessa ei ole mahdollista vastata läheskään kaikkiin kysymyksiin, jotka työnantajan tulee selvittää tapauskohtaisesti. Read more…

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COVID-19: Lay-Off and Short-Time

This article is the second in a series aimed at assisting businesses through the current unprecedented COVID-19 situation. On this occasion Shane Costelloe discusses lay-off and short-time and sets out guidance based on questions that have arisen in the marketplace. The first in the series COVID-19: Practical Steps for Employers can be viewed here.

Introduction

With a daily escalation of economic and social uncertainty for the people of Ireland, business owners and management teams have tough corporate decisions to make. When faced with a potential decrease in turnover, decision makers within businesses will need to cut costs in order to survive, and for most businesses their greatest overhead is personnel. Unfortunately, it may be inevitable that businesses consider if a temporary or permanent adjustment of staff numbers is required. Whilst we will look at redundancy in a future article, the purpose of this briefing is to inform employers on the process of implementing a lay-off or short-time restructuring of staff through a selection of FAQs.

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CORONAVIRUS: POWER TO PROVIDE INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS TO EMPLOYERS

Is an employee obliged to provide his employer with information about his state of health on request and / or to be tested for the Corona virus?
A general obligation to provide information regarding contagious diseases is to be answered in the affirmative if this disease could endanger work colleagues and other third parties. In the case of infectious diseases according to the epidemic law, such as the corona virus, the duty of loyalty owed by the employee also requires proactive information from the employer so that the employer can immediately take protective measures against the other employees.

If an employee has been infected with the corona virus or if he is in an officially ordered quarantine because of a specific suspicion of the infection, he is in any case obliged to inform his employer immediately.

However, without showing symptoms, an employee cannot be ordered by his employer to undergo a corona virus test, even if he has recently returned from an area at risk. In this case, the employer is only free to temporarily release the employee concerned to protect the rest of the workforce. Read more…

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CONTRACTUAL PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE CORONA VIRUS

FORCE MAJEURE, LOSS OF BUSINESS FOUNDATION AND LOSS MITIGATION OBLIGATIONS

What is the recommended procedure for companies with contractual law problems with contract partners, especially from China, who rely on force majeure in connection with the corona virus

  1. Contract review

First, a look at the contract text is recommended. Many international contracts between entrepreneurs contain clauses on legal consequences in the event of force majeure (so-called “force majeure” clauses). These can be designed in very different ways. Most of the time, the requirements and the deadline for assertion and the effects on the contractual relationship are precisely regulated. In most cases, such a clause stipulates that performance obligations are suspended for the duration of the Force Majeure. Often, a disclaimer is agreed at the same time and obligations to communicate are triggered. Epidemics are mostly covered by the contractual definition of force majeure. Read more…

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Impact of Coronavirus on Employment and Business Relationships: Force Majeure and Other Important Aspects

Undertakings who have difficulty in performing their obligations to cooperation partners and employees are faced with the following questions:

  • Is the virus a force majeure event?
  • Is the aggrieved party entitled to claim amendment of the contract from the other party?

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Korona – Ylivoimainen este (Force majeure)

SOPIMUSSITOVUUS

Sopimukset laaditaan aina niillä tiedoin, mitä sopimushetkellä on tiedossa. Sopimusoikeuden keskeisin periaate on sopimuksen sitovuus. Oikeustoimen solmivat sopijapuolet voivat yhdessä sopimusvapauden nojalla päättää velvoitteista, joita he sopimuksellaan sitoutuvat noudattamaan keskinäisessä suhteessaan. Sopimusrikkomuksista voi seurata vahingonkorvausvelvollisuus, sopimussakko tai muita oikeudellisia sanktioita. Read more…

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CORONAVIRUS: LEGAL ISSUES RELATED TO EVENTS

Quo vadis? – So as the ancient Romans said “where are you going”, or how many Austrians have recently had to say “where are you not going”?

What has been ordered – On Tuesday, March 10th, 2020, the government presented far-reaching restrictive measures to deal with the coronavirus for the next few weeks. Among other things, all outdoor events with over 500 participants and indoor events with over 100 participants are prohibited until the beginning of April (03.04.2020). However, what the government has not said is what that means for everyone. Read more…

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QUESTIONS RELATING TO TRAVEL LAW RELATING TO THE CORONA VIRUS

Coronavirus travel warnings. Since December 2019, when the disease COVID-19 caused by the corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) was first diagnosed in the Chinese city of Wuhan, the new virus has spread rapidly worldwide and has already led to numerous victims in neighboring countries . The Austrian Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs initially issued a general travel warning with the highest security level 6 for Iran and South Korea and now for the whole of Italy; for China (Hubei with Wuhan) there is currently at least a partial travel warning with security level 5 (as of March 10, 2020; for the latest travel warnings, see https://www.bmeia.gv.at/reise-sitzhalt/reisewarlungen/). However, the travel warnings of each country only apply to their own citizens (for travel warnings from all EU member states, see  https://ec.europa.eu/consularprotection/content/travel-advice_de ). Read more…

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