Onset of COVID 19 pandemic created an urgency in provision of medical services to remote areas through digital and online means and adoption of technology. Prior to March 25, 2020, there was no single consolidated regulation or guideline in India which dealt with the practice of telemedicine. Telemedicine was accordingly governed by the same statutes that govern the ‘practice of medicine’ in India such as Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 (as superseded by the National Medical Commission Act, 2019, the “IMC Act”) and the subsequent rules and regulations issued thereunder.
Telemedicine Practice through Consultation Centres/Clinics in India: Guidelines and Regulatory Approvals
Recent changes in consumer behaviour due to the COVID-19 pandemic mean that few businesses can afford to ignore the internet, and the opportunities for efficiencies and scale that it offers. Operating a business online presents tremendous opportunities for growth by opening up new geographical markets, however it also creates new challenges for businesses in ensuring that their key intellectual property assets, which are made available online, are adequately protected.
So how can businesses manage their intellectual property, and ensure they are not infringing on the intellectual property rights of others, when trading online?
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has given directions to extend the due date for holding Annual General Meetings for the financial year ending on March 31, 2020, taking into account the difficulties faced due to Covid-19 pandemic situation in the country.
Case: Vineet Ruia vs. State of West Bengal [WP 5890(W) of 2020]
Forum: Hon’ble High Court of Calcutta (“CHC”)
Order delivered on: August 18, 2020
Substance of the Order: Establishment of a committee to ascertain the expenses incurred by schools during lockdown to determine if any concession in fees can be passed on to the students in view of the financial distress caused by the COVID 19 pandemic.
The ILN’s Labor & Employment Group has put together a summary document, addressing the question, “In the UK the government has stepped in with unprecedented aid such as paying 80% of employees’ salaries who are at home and not working up to £2500 per month. There are also a raft of other financial measures. What measures have been enacted in your jurisdictions, and what are the impacts?” Click the guide below to see responses from 11 jurisdictions.
Non-payment or substantial reduction of wages for the period the Indian industry was closed or operating at limited capacity due to COVID-19 despite the Central Government’s order to continue paying wages to workmen during the lockdown period has led to filing of several petitions before the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India. In the matter of Ficus Pax Private Ltd. & Ors. Vs. Union of India & Ors. [Writ Petition (C) Diary No. 10983 of 2020] (clubbed with various writ petitions), the Supreme Court has issued interim measures aimed at negotiating and settling the wages to be paid by employers to its employees for the lockdown period pursuant to the order dated March 29, 2020 (“MHA Wage Order”) issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs (“MHA”) in exercise of its powers under Section 10(2)(l) of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 (“DM Act”) and its subsequent withdrawal vide MHA’s order dated May 17, 2020 with effect from May 18, 2020. The settlement, if any, will be without prejudice to the rights of the employers/employees which is the subject of adjudication of the aforesaid petitions.
Can Every Breach or Non-Performance be Justified or Excused on Invocation of COVID-19 as a Force Majeure: Delhi High Court Verdict
COVID-19 has caused tremendous economic loss, delays in project completion, missing of targets and milestones and potential breaches and disputes among contracting parties. Recently, in the matter of Halliburton Offshore Services Inc. vs Vedanta Limited & Anr. [O.M.P (I) (COMM.) No. 88/2020 & I.As. 3696-3697/2020], a petition seeking inter alia restrain on invocation of the bank guarantees issued in favour of the Respondent, the Hon’ble High Court of Delhi considered the issue of invocation of COVID-19 as a Force Majeure condition and held that “Every breach or non-performance cannot be justified or excused merely on the invocation of COVID-19 as a Force Majeure condition”. The Court further observed that it would have to take into consideration various factors to assess whether a party is genuinely prevented or justified in its non-performance due to the epidemic/pandemic.
Companies have asked “Can an employer do temporary layoffs?” and want the answer in a short, summary format – and the ILN has answered – 17 member jurisdictions have weighed in with concise responses to help guide your business in the current crisis.
Judgment: Ramanand & Ors. Vs. Dr. Girish Soni & Anr. [CM APPL. 10847/2020]
Forum: Hon’ble High Court of Delhi (“DHC”)
Judgment delivered on: May 21, 2020
Act/Law: Indian Contract Act, 1872 (“ICA”) and Transfer of Property Act, 1882 (“TPA”)
Companies have asked “Can an employer do temporary layoffs?” and want the answer in a short, summary format – and the ILN has answered – 14 member jurisdictions have weighed in with concise responses to help guide your business in the current crisis.