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BIS’s New Approach to Identifying “Emerging and Foundational Technologies”

On May 23, 2022, the U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Industry and Security (“BIS”) published a proposed rule identifying new unilateral export controls on four dual-use biological marine toxins, the synthesis and collection of which BIS has identified for evaluation in accordance with the criteria set forth in Section 1758 of the Export Control Reform Act of 2018 (“ECRA”).1 Section 1758 requires BIS to identify and establish appropriate controls on the export, reexport, or transfer (in-country) of “emerging and foundational technologies” that are “essential to the national security of the United States.”2 Importantly, the proposed rule announced a change in BIS’s approach to identifying new technologies of high strategic importance for control: moving forward, BIS will no longer distinguish between “emerging technologies” and “foundational technologies,” but rather “will characterize all technologies identified pursuant to Section 1758 as ‘Section 1758 technologies.’” Read more…