Monthly Archives: August 2015

Back to school – Keyword advertising 101

In the 21st century, when advertising is frequently conducted via the Internet, the use of keyword advertising has become an increasingly contentious point of trade-mark law.

In short, keyword advertising is a form of online advertising in which a business selects words or phrases (the “keywords”) that trigger its advertisements to appear when the user of a search engine performs a search using those keywords.  The advertisements typically appear alongside the organic search results produced by the search engine. 

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Ohio Supreme Court eradicates no-injury class actions

On Aug. 27, 2015, the Ohio Supreme Court established in Felix v. Ganley Chevrolet, Inc., Slip Opinion No. 2015-Ohio-3430 that all members of a plaintiff class alleging violations of the Ohio Consumer Sales Practices Act (OCSPA) must have suffered injury as a result of the conduct challenged in a suit under the act. In so ruling, the court made clear that:

  1. Ohio’s class action rules and consumer protection statutes do not permit “windfall awards” to parties who were not actually injured by a business’s allegedly improper commercial practices.
  2. “No-injury” consumer class actions will not be allowed in Ohio.

This decision is particularly important to companies (and their management and boards) that provide consumer services and hold consumer information – including manufacturers, distributors, and/or retailers of consumer goods and/or providers of consumer services (banking, insurance, credit, utilities, etc.). At least in Ohio, class actions now cannot be based on allegations akin to “We bought a product, other people had a problem with it, and we want our money back, even though it worked fine for us.”

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Mineral title attorneys Christopher W. Capcara and Jason M. Klein join McDonald Hopkins

CLEVELAND (August 31, 2015) – Christopher W. Capcara and Jason M. Klein have joined the Business Department at McDonald Hopkins LLC, a business advisory and advocacy law firm. Based in the firm’s Cleveland office, Capcara and Klein will help clients navigate the highly complex area of surface and mineral title law, which requires a sophisticated understanding of numerous regulations and processes.

Capcara and Klein are part of the Energy and Natural Resource Practice, a team of 25 attorneys who work with public utilities, the oil and gas industry, energy developers, industrial companies and suppliers, and renewable energy companies. “We are delighted to have Chris Capcara and Jason Klein join our firm,” said Mike Wise, co-chair of the firm’s Energy and Natural Resource Practice. “Mineral title services are critical to the success of so many projects and Chris and Jason have the depth of knowledge that is needed.” 

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Hvornår er et udlån en gældsforpligtelse?

Ifølge sag fra Skatterådet skal man kunne dokumentere, at der ligger en forpligtelse til tilbagebetaling.

I skattelovgivningen findes der ikke nogen præcis definition på, hvornår noget er gæld. Definitionen af, hvornår et udlån foreligger, skal derfor søges i anden lovgivning.

Hvis man gennemgår øvrig lovgivning, kan man givetvis sammenfatte en definition af gæld derhen, at der er tale om en fordring fra en kreditor mod en debitor, stiftet ved erlæggelse af et pengebeløb fra kreditor til debitor og bestående af en gyldig realretlig forpligtelse for debitor til både objektivt og subjektivt at tilbagebetale et beløb til kreditor. Pligten er ofte kendetegnet ved, at der er pligt til at betale renter. 

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Indtrædelse i garanti

Ny Højesteretsdom tillader tredjemand at indtræde i en entreprenørs garanti.

I dommen af 12. august 2015 udtalte Højesteret, at det måtte have fremstået som en nærliggende mulighed for et forsikringsselskab, at en garanti for en totalentreprenørs forpligtelser kunne påberåbes af senere erhververe af byggeriet – uanset at der ikke var sket transport af garantien.

Dommen må antages at få betydning for fremtidige garantier i entrepriseforhold. 

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NLRB Redefines and Expands “Joint-Employer” Status

The National Labor Relations Board (“NLRB” or “Board”) has issued its long-anticipated  decision in Browning-Ferris Industries, 362 NLRB No. 186 (pdf), establishing a new test for determining joint-employer status under the National Labor Relations Act (“NLRA” or the “Act”).  Because this revised standard will resonate with businesses relying on contractors and staffing firms throughout the economy and across industry lines, employers should be wary of its potential impact upon relationships with service providers that are supportive of, or critical to, their enterprise. 

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OSHA Means Business in Targeting the Health Care and Nursing Care Industries

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) recently intensified its scrutiny of the health care and nursing care industries. On June 25, 2015, the agency announced a new enforcement initiative targeting inpatient health care and nursing care facilities. But this increased scrutiny of the health care and nursing care industries does not end there—OSHA is spreading its enforcement reach to other types of health care entities. 

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Week of August 24, 2015 on ILNToday – A Roundup!

roundupWho is ready for September to start next week? This girl sure is! We’ve got our European Regional Meeting in Glasgow coming up in less than two weeks, and I’m looking forward to seeing all of our delegates, some of whom may be in kilts (one can hope).

But first, we have two roundups to go! 

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ILN Today Post

Opposing a tenant’s 1954 Act lease renewal – Part 3

This is the third in a series of articles looking at the grounds a landlord can use to oppose a tenant’s lease renewal where the lease is protected by the terms of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954. In this article we are going to be looking at the grounds of opposition contained in sections 30(1)(d) and 30(1)(e). These are both referred to as “non-fault” grounds, where the landlord is not relying on the default of the tenant but on a ground given within the statute which, if proven, entitles the landlord to possession and disentitles the tenant to a new lease. If a landlord is successful in opposing a lease renewal relying on either of these grounds then a new lease will not be granted to the tenant. However, if the landlord is successful when relying on section 30(1)(e) statutory compensation is payable to the tenant. We will see in the next quarter’s article that statutory compensation is also payable to a tenant if a landlord successfully relies on the grounds in section 30(1)(f) and section 30(1)(g). More…

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HRSA Issues Proposed “Omnibus Guidance”

The Health Resources and Services Administration (“HRSA”) issued a notice proposing guidance under the 340B Drug Pricing Program.  The proposed Omnibus Guidance was issued in pre-publication format and is available online at  The notice is scheduled to be published in the Federal Register on August 28, 2015 and will be available at

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